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Day 1  |  7 June

Inaugural Session and Opening Plenary: From commitment to action

9:00-11:00 ICT



The 75th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR75) provides us with an important opportunity, as well as a potential inflection point, to move from commitment to action by strengthening the State duty to protect human rights, the corporate responsibility to respect human rights, access to effective remedy and, ultimately, global solidarity for the rights of all.

Since the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGPs) were unanimously endorsed by the UN Human Rights Council in June 2011, our planet and society have undergone significant change. From conflict, ecological decline and climate change to shrinking civic spaces, gender inequality and modern slavery, the collective challenges that we face have grown in complexity, scale and urgency. The nature of these challenges demands concerted action at all levels of governance—from the grassroots to regional and global levels—and from all stakeholders. Alongside States as the primary duty-bearers, businesses are particularly central to forging a more sustainable future grounded in freedom, equality and justice for all rights holders.

The perennial question is how this more sustainable future is to be achieved. The past decade of the UNGPs’ implementation has featured successes in terms of legislative and policy frameworks to promote responsible business conduct, including national action plans (NAPs) on business and human rights and the growing application of due diligence principles in both law and practice. However, sustained and coordinated action is required to drive positive change, further advance the BHR agenda and make tangible progress on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Indeed, the 4th UN Responsible Business and Human Rights (RBHR) Forum, which took place in 2022, highlighted how policy coherence, multistakeholder cooperation, and a ‘smart mix’ of policy and regulatory initiatives are prerequisites to effectively harnessing levers of change to promote responsible business. But it also conveyed a resounding message from participants on how we must not become complacent: even with the gradual proliferation of incentives, policies, regulations and legislation aimed at promoting business respect for human rights, our work in preventing and addressing business-related human rights impacts is far from done.

To this end, the 2023 UN RBHR Forum will discuss how commitments can be put into action. In view of how the UDHR75 Initiative inspires us to reflect as much on current realities as on future possibilities, the Forum will bring diverse interlocutors to discuss, debate, and share insights on issues ranging from the regulation of global supply chains and the implications of corporate sustainability due diligence to the recently recognized right to a clean, healthy and sustainable environment, for example. The Forum will also highlight issues, challenges, and sectors that the BHR community needs to act upon, including the intersection of climate-induced labor migration, biodiversity and BHR, the responsibility of development financiers, and the role of micro-, small, and medium-sized enterprises, among others. The Forum will also bring attention to specific groups at heightened risk of abuses such as Indigenous Peoples, persons with disabilities and displaced persons, while taking an intersectional and interdisciplinary approach to promoting, disseminating, and implementing the UNGPs in the Asia-Pacific region.




The key objectives of this session are to:

  • Raise awareness and strengthen capacity in relation to the implementation of the UNGPs and the MNE Declaration into the next decade

  • Take stock of the progress and challenges in promoting responsible business practices in the Asia-Pacific region and reflect on the lessons learnt to scale up progress

  • Create an inclusive space for multi-stakeholder dialogue and facilitate peer-to-peer learning and promote collaboration and networking among a wide range of stakeholders, including rights holders, governments, businesses and industry associations, national human rights institutions, civil society organizations, trade unions, human rights defenders, academia, lawyers, and journalists

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